Often we find out about the emergency as it’s happening, which means water is spilling out and flooding the floor somewhere in the house.
Of all the residential systems, plumbing is the one that requires a fair amount of attention and interaction from homeowners, who can fix little annoyances, make simple repairs, even upgrade basic fixtures and appliances. But what happens when an emergency strikes?
Most homeowners pick up the phone and frantically call a Decatur or Hartselle, AL plumber or plumbing contractor. But before you do, there are things you can do without panic.
The following series of posts look at a variety of plumbing issues, including:
- water leaks and repairs
- unclogging drains
- dealing with pipe and water supply issues
- installing or repairing plumbing appliances like garbage disposals, among other topics.
There is never a convenient time for a plumbing emergency. In order to minimize water damage, swift and decisive action is needed. The only way to act quickly and confidently is to be prepared.
Shutting Off a Water Main/Water Supply
It’s unofficially the first law of plumbing. Learn how to shut off the main water valve.
If a pipe bursts, an extra two or three minute delay wondering what to do can result in 30 or more gallons of water spewing onto the floor and causing a lot more (costly-to-repair) damage, not to mention the cleanup.
Most Decatur or Hartselle, AL homes draw water from a municipal supply, which usually places a shutoff valve and meter near the street in an underground access hatch.
Water main access covers usually have two “keyholes” that require special “keys” to access. This is because the water utility doesn’t want homeowners, curious kids, or vandals to mess with the valve and meter.
- Even so, you can pop open the cover by placing a long, sturdy screwdriver into a keyhole and lifting up. Be sure to clear debris like overgrown grass and lawn clippings to make lifting the cover easier.
- Inside you will find a “handle” or “valve.” A handle can be rotary like a manual sprinkler valve or a paddle. Turn or twist it until it won’t turn any further. No need to force it.
- If it’s a value, they usually have a metal flange on top that requires a wrench to twist (you can do it by hand, although not always). It requires a quarter-turn to close or open. You can leave the wrench next to the water meter, although some utility companies frown on this. If so, leave it with the screwdriver inside the home for quick access in an emergency.
Closer to Home
All homes have additional valves that can shut off localized sections of the water supply. These are convenient because, unlike shutting off the water at the street, this valve does not turn off water to the entire dwelling and they don’t require a wrench to turn off or on.
In many instances, where the water main enters your house there will be a hose bib and shut off valve. Sometimes these are recognizable and readily available, but other times they may be hidden behind shrubs or other landscaping.
If you are unsure where the water supply enters the home or how to shut off this valve, the next time a Decatur or Hartselle, AL plumber comes to the home for repair work, ask him to show you.
In cold weather locations, this shut off may be in a basement or inside the house, possibly under the kitchen sink or under a closet floor. This valve is most often a rotary type. It’s recommended that you open and close it once a year to help prevent it from seizing.
Inside there will be more shut off valves local to the fixtures that use them like the water heater, sinks, dishwasher, washing machine and toilets.
Like the other valves, know where they are and how to turn them off. Again, this is super easy to do. Since homeowners don’t interface with these valves often (unless there is an emergency), it’s recommended that you open or close them once a year or so to prevent them from sticking — or making it hard to open and close the valve. It does happen. It’s never wise to force plumbing valves to open or close.
How To Shut Off the Gas Line
This is one nearly everybody forgets. But, just like water shut off, everyone should take the time to find their gas shut off valve before the need ever arises.
If you are unsure where the gas supply enters the home or how to shut off the valve, the next time a Decatur or Hartselle, AL plumber comes to the home for repair work, ask him to show you.
You can also call the local gas company and request a technician. Most of the time there will be no charge, but ask ahead of time. You do not want to be charged for a “house call” when all you need to do is turn off a valve.
In the event of a leak, quickly shutting off the gas can be life-saving. If you smell gas, or suspect a gas leak, leave your home, leave the door open and shut off the gas at the meter. The quicker you do this the less risk.
The gas meter is typically located along the perimeter of your home, often near where other utility services are located, such as your main electrical panel.
￼The gas meter should have a pipe coming out of the ground and another that enters the building, although other designs are possible. The shut off valve is usually located on the pipe coming out of the ground.
The shut off valve has a simple, square metal flange or tab. Use a pipe wrench, crescent wrench or pliers to turn the tab a quarter turn.
The the valve is closed when the tab on the valve is 90 degrees to the pipe. The valve is open when the tab is parallel in turned in the same direction as the gas line pipe.
If you turn off the gas, do not turn it back on. Contact your local gas utility to send someone out to restore service.